Skull base surgery

What is skull base neurosurgery?

What is it? Skull base surgery is a highly specialized, minimally invasive surgical technique for evaluating, diagnosing and treating benign or cancerous growths located on the underside of the brain, the base of the skull and the upper vertebrae of the spinal column.

What does skull base mean?

The skull base is the area behind the eyes and nose that slopes down to the back of the head. It forms the floor, or base , of the skull . The spinal cord, multiple nerves and the major blood vessels of the brain, head and neck pass through openings in the skull base .

Where are skull base tumors located?

Skull base tumors are not a particular type of brain tumor but those that grow in a particular location : the bones of the skull that form the bottom of the head and the bony ridge behind the nose and eyes. Skull base tumors may be one of several different types.

What is skull surgery called?

A craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain . Specialized tools are used to remove the section of bone called the bone flap. The bone flap is temporarily removed, then replaced after the brain surgery has been done.

Are skull base tumors common?

Skull base tumors all have one thing in common : They are a mass located next to or involving the skull bones. This mass often grows near the bottom of the brain or behind the eyes, nose, and ears. A variety of skull base tumors exist.

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What is skull base tumor?

Skull base tumors are growths that can form along the base of the skull or directly below the skull base in areas such as the sinuses. Many are benign (noncancerous) and grow slowly over time. In rare cases, a skull base tumor can be cancerous, which means that it is able to spread to other parts of the body.

Is it bad to have dents in your head?

Dents in your skull can be caused by trauma, cancer, bone diseases, and other conditions. If you notice a change in your skull shape, you should make an appointment with your doctor. Take note of any other symptoms, like headaches, memory loss, and vision difficulties, that could be connected to a dent in your skull .

Is the brain attached to the skull?

The brain is housed inside the bony covering called the cranium . The cranium protects the brain from injury. Together, the cranium and bones that protect the face are called the skull . Between the skull and brain is the meninges, which consist of three layers of tissue that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord.

How do they cut the skull for brain surgery?

Craniotomy. A craniotomy involves making an incision in the scalp and creating a hole known as a bone flap in the skull . The hole and incision are made near the area of the brain being treated.

Why does base of skull hurt?

So, you’ve Googled ‘ Pain at the base of my skull ‘ and you’re wondering what’s causing it. In a nutshell, the cause of the pain is usually down to a tension headache. Tension headaches are caused as a result of muscle tension and trigger points which build up in the surrounding muscles of the neck and head .

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Why do I have a knot at the base of my skull?

A bump on the back of the head has many possible causes, including injuries, cysts, fatty growths, inflamed hair follicles, and bone spurs. Bumps on this part of the body can be hard or soft, and they can vary in size. Injuries are a common cause of bumps and lumps on the back of the head .

Can tumors grow outside of skull?

Skull base tumors most often grow inside the skull but occasionally form on the outside . They can originate in the skull base as a primary tumor or spread there from a cancer elsewhere in the body as a metastatic brain tumor . Skull base tumors are classified by tumor type and location within the skull base.

What is the most difficult surgery?

1. Craniectomy. Any type of brain surgery presents a high risk to the patient because the brain controls every function in the body.

Is a craniotomy a high risk surgery?

Like any other type of brain cancer surgery , a craniotomy has several risks . These include: Bleeding. Infection.

Is a craniotomy a serious surgery?

What are the risks? No surgery is without risks. General complications of any surgery include bleeding, infection, blood clots, and reactions to anesthesia. Specific complications related to a craniotomy may include stroke, seizures, swelling of the brain, nerve damage, CSF leak, and loss of some mental functions.

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